Risings of 1303 and 1306

Risings of 1303 and 1306
   In 1290, Duke John I forbade artisans from forming associations without prior approval of the aldermen and amman. Efforts by the bourgeoisie to secure admission to the cloth guild broke out into rebellion in 1303. The right was accorded by Duke John I n a privilege of 6 May 1303.
   On the vigil of Candlemas 1306, a quarrel between two city residents in which a commoner was wounded by a patrician member of a lignage led to a riot in which townhouses of the rich were torched and ducal authority was derided. Craftsmen drafted a new constitution, in which the city's seven aldermen were to be chosen by commoners, two financial assessors were to be added to the city council, and the jurors were to be reestablished. Duke John, who had been absent from the city, refused to acknowledge the new constitution. In mid-February 1306, he sided with the patricians and declared virtual war on the craftsmen. The patricians left Brussels for Vilvoorde where John had arrived shortly before with an army of knights. The city's craftsmen gave battle and were defeated on 1 May. On 12 June 1306, the duke authorized the magistrates to crush any additional outbreaks by any means believed necessary. Through enactment of successive ordinances, craftsmen were disarmed, guild meetings were prohibited, and the old city government of seven aldermen chosen by the lignages was reinstituted. Until the rising of 1421, they held the preponderance of power.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Citizenry —    The citizen (bourgeois, burger), defined as those who participated in municipal life, together with patricians, achieved status parallel to the important role played by commerce and industry in city life for these were the trades they… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Clan Fraser — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”