Maintenance of public order was early the responsibility of city government. In the city's interior, police duties were entrusted to sergeant jurors (sergent-jurés) under the authority of the amman. The gates and ramparts of the town wall were guarded by companies of citizens and by groups drawn from the guilds. The crossbowmen's guild also performed police duties.
   Following Belgian independence (1830), each commune furnished a police force. Police and the civic guard—a citizen force serving under elected officers—were maintained as separate entities by each borough in the 19th century. After 1918, the civic guard forces were largely eclipsed by local police. Police work was hampered in the 19th century and much of the 20th by the many separate forces in existence. In April 1893, demonstrators advocating universal manhood suffrage were banned in Brussels but welcomed in Saint-Gilles, Ix-elles, and other communes.
   National reforms were introduced following the scandals engendered from police and judicial incompetence in the Dutroux case (1996). A law of 7 December 1998 put in place a nationwide federal police force, effective 1 January 2001, and local police corps, which regroup former communal corps and area brigades of the national police (gendarmerie). Police corps operate in six zones in Brussels:
   1. Brussels Capital/Ixelles
   2. Brussels West (Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, Koekelberg, Jette, Ganshoren, Berchem Sainte-Agathe)
   3. Zone South (Anderlecht, Saint-Gilles, Forest)
   4. Uccle/Watermael-Boitsfort/Auderghem
   5. Zone Montgomery (Etterbeek, the two Woluwes)
   6. Schaerbeek/Evere/Saint-Josse-ten-Noode
   Each corps is headed by a chief responsible to a police board composed of the burgomasters of the municipalities in that zone.
   The city's central police station is located at rue Marché au Charbon 30.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • POLICE — Les fonctions et les services de la police en France recouvrent des domaines très divers. Le Code de procédure pénale assigne d’abord à la police judiciaire de constater les infractions à la loi pénale, d’en rassembler les preuves et d’en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • police — 1. (po li s ) s. f. 1°   Organisation politique. •   La pente vers soi est le commencement de tout désordre, en guerre, en police, en économie, PASC. Pens. XXIV, 56, éd. HAVET.. •   La police céleste avec laquelle Dieu régit les hommes l oblige à …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Police — Po*lice , n. [F., fr. L. politia the condition of a state, government, administration, Gr. ?, fr. ? to be a citizen, to govern or administer a state, fr. ? citizen, fr. ? city; akin to Skr. pur, puri. Cf. {Policy} polity, {Polity}.] 1. A judicial …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • police — po·lice 1 vt po·liced, po·lic·ing: to control, regulate, or keep in order esp. as an official duty police the area police 2 n pl police 1: the control and regulation of affairs affecting the order and welfare of a political unit and its citizens… …   Law dictionary

  • Police FC — Police Football Club can refer to * Police FC (Uganda) Police Football Team in Uganda * Police FC (Iraq), also known as ash Shurta a football team in Iraq * Police F.C. Police Football Team in Isle of Man * Police FC (Thailand) Police Football… …   Wikipedia

  • Police — bezeichnet: Police (Woiwodschaft Westpommern) (deutsch: Pölitz), eine Stadt in Pommern, Polen Police nad Metují (deutsch: Politz an der Mettau), eine Stadt im Okres Náchod, Tschechien Police u Mohelnice (deutsch: Polleitz), eine Gemeinde im Okres …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • police — [pə lēs′] n. [Fr < LL politia, administration of the commonwealth (in L, the state) < Gr politeia, the state, citizenship < politēs, citizen < polis, city < IE * pel , fortress (> Sans pūr, town), orig., filled wall, special use …   English World dictionary

  • Police — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Police puede referirse a: Police (Polonia), es una ciudad en Polonia, en la voivodia de Pomerania Occidental. The Police, una banda de rock new wave inglesa. Police, una película de 1916 de Charlie Chaplin. Obtenido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Police FC — Police Football Club  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différents clubs sportifs partageant un même nom. Le Police Football Club est un club de football ougandais. Le Police Football Club est un club de football rwandais. Le Police Football …   Wikipédia en Français

  • policé — policé, ée (po li sé, sée) part. passé de policer. 1°   Formé par la civilisation, par la police. •   Rien ne démontre mieux la distance immense qui se trouve entre l homme sauvage et l homme policé que les conquêtes de celui ci sur les animaux,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • police — po‧lice [pəˈliːs] verb [transitive] to control a particular activity or industry by making sure that people follow the correct rules; = REGULATE: • The agency was set up to police the nuclear power industry. * * * police UK US /pəˈliːs/ verb [T]… …   Financial and business terms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”