Mechelen (Malines) on the Dyle River north of Brussels was founded in the early Middle Ages as a fortified trading center. It grew wealthy on the textile and weaving industries and became a trading rival of Antwerp and Brussels. In the early 15th century, the city levied a toll on boats traversing the Senne River at Heffen, a river outpost of the town. A chain was laid across the riverbed, and boats were prohibited from passing and their cargoes seized from 1413 to 1417. In 1422, citizens of Brussels were arrested in Mechelen and Duke John IV sent troops to the town. An economic war ensued, which slowly abated in the second half of the century, but the rivalry with Brussels persisted.
   Mechelen became an important administrative center of Brabant during the Burgundian regime. Charles the Bold set up the ducal Grand Council here in 1473 and Margaret of Austria made it the capital of the Netherlands in establishing her court here in 1507. The archepiscopal center of Belgium since 1559, Mechelen has shared this status with Brussels since 1962.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mechelen (camp de regroupement) — Cet article possède des paronymes, voir : Machelen et Mechelen. Le camp de transit de l ancienne caserne Général Dossin de Saint Georges à Malines (Mechelen en néerlandais, Mecheln en allemand), en Belgique, fut ouvert par les Allemands le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mechelen transit camp — Concentration camp The main entrance to the Dossin Casern …   Wikipedia

  • MALINES — Ville de la province d’Anvers, située sur la Dyle, au nord de Bruxelles, Malines (en néerlandais, Mechelen) est la métropole religieuse de la Belgique. Mentionnée pour la première fois au milieu du IXe siècle, lors du traité de Meersen, elle fut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MALINES — (Mechelen), transit camp established by the Nazis in Belgium, between its two largest Jewish communities, Antwerp and Brussels, in October 1941 to concentrate Jews before transporting them to Eastern Europe. An infrastructure was already in place …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mechelen — Mechelen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mechelen — [mek′ə lən] city in NC Belgium, in Antwerp province: pop. 65,000 * * * ▪ Belgium (Flemish),   French  Malines        municipality, Antwerp province, north central Belgium. It lies along the Dijle River, a few miles north northeast of Brussels. St …   Universalium

  • Malines — steht für: französischer Name der belgischen Stadt Mechelen. Bezeichnung für aus Mecheln stammende Klöppelspitzen. Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malines — [mȧ lēn′] Fr. name for MECHELEN …   English World dictionary

  • Mechelen — Mechlin redirects here. For other uses, see Mechlin (disambiguation). For other uses, see Mechelen (disambiguation). Mechelen Mechelen City Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Malines — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Malines (race de poule). Malines (nl) Mechelen …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”