Disturbances in Leuven that led to popular government there saw hundreds of merchants and thousands of skilled craftsmen move to Brussels from 1360 to 1382 in an early, large-scale immigration to the city. Immigrants from Brabant, neighboring territories, and distant countries, notably Spain and Italy, arrived during the reign of Emperor Charles V in contributing to developing industry and trade, especially in luxury goods, engendered by the city's status as the residence of the most powerful monarch in Europe. The area around the church of Sainte-Catherine became the locale of Irish residents, members of regiments who arrived during the late 16th century to serve in the Spanish army and many of whom stayed. Religious orders flocked to Brussels during the years of the Catholic Counter-Reformation in the 17th century.
   Following Belgian independence in 1830, Brussels attracted large numbers of immigrants from the provinces drawn to the city by its status as the national capital. That fact would serve to draw Belgians to Brussels throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
   In August and September 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War, an estimated 35,000 French refugees arrived at the Gare du Midi. Many would remain to settle.
   Immigrants began to arrive from the Congo in the early 1960s. Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese, Moroccans, and Turks arrived during the economic growth years from the 1960s through the early 1970s. It was this immigration that largely swelled the ranks of foreign-born residents in today's city. They have continued to arrive in smaller numbers in succeeding decades. Immigrants have tended to concentrate in old working-class quarters in the central city and in inner suburbs such as Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Saint-Gilles, and Schaer-beek. Africans have created a unique district—Matonge — in Ixelles. Immigrants totaled approximately 170,000 in 1995, and they comprise about 18 percent of the population of the Brussels Capital Region. Arrivals from Morocco, Italy, France, Spain, and Turkey comprise the five largest resident groups.
   See also Expatriates.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Immigrants —    Immigrants have always formed a substantial part of the population of the Netherlands. During the formative years of the Dutch Republic, many Calvinists fled from the Spanish dominated Southern Netherlands to the united Northern provinces.… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • immigrants — Persons who come into a foreign country or region to live. Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations …   Law dictionary

  • immigrants —    Apart from the long standing two way traffic with Spanish America, Spain had no significant immigration from other countries until the 1980s. On the contrary, in the 1950s and 1960s the trend was for Spanish workers to leave in search of… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Immigrants' List — is a federal Political Action Committee founded in 2006. It is a bipartisan, single issue PAC focusing on immigration issues. They are in favor of comprehensive immigration reform and policies that would increase due process, judicial review, US… …   Wikipedia

  • Immigrants (disambiguation) — Immigrants are people who move to a new country.Immigrants may also refer to:* Immigrants (film), a 1948 drama film * The Immigrants, a defunct political party in Israelee also* Immigrant (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Immigrants (film) — Infobox Film name = Immigrants image size = caption = director = Aldo Fabrizi producer = writer = Piero Ballerini Aldo Fabrizi Fulvio Palmieri narrator = starring = Aldo Fabrizi music = cinematography = Piero Portalupi editing = distributor =… …   Wikipedia

  • Immigrants Lebanese in Paraguay — The arrival of immigrants of Lebanese origin to Paraguay consisted of a large number of people who have settled in this country, bringing their customs and way of life. Many were the reasons which prompted these people to leave their native… …   Wikipedia

  • immigrants' colony — community where new immigrants live …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Immigrants' Home — temporary housing for new immigrants (Israel) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • immigrants — im·mi·grant || ɪmɪgrÉ™nt n. person who moves to a country to take up permanent residence, one who settles in a new country …   English contemporary dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”