Early buildings in Brussels—half-timbered houses with thatched roofs — combined with narrow streets created conditions for frequent fires and there were some major conflagrations, notably in 1405. Wars brought fires also, most memorably the bombardment of 1695 when some 4,000 buildings were destroyed. Ordinances — the earliest in 1449 and again in 1550-1551—enjoined residents to replace thatch with tiles, and a decree of 7 January 1556 forbade construction of wood dwellings, but these statutes were not enforced.
   The earliest fire brigades consisted of members of the craft guilds aided by the general populace, who employed wooden ladders, leather buckets, and barrels of water or liquid manure perched on carriages. Water proved to be recurrently in short supply, although a water service was in existence as early as 1407 and wells were dug. Fire alarms were given by watchmen on duty in church towers. The first hand pumps and leather hoses were in use by the end of the 17th century.
   The first fire battalion was created by the city council in 1800 with use of French troops. A corps was created by a decree of 9 December 1826 and again in 1846. Steam pumps and escape ladders were in use during the late 1800s and horses were borrowed from the Tramways Bruxellois Company to pull the heavy pumps.
   Between 1857 and 1880 several communes around Brussels created their own departments staffed by volunteers, police, or civic guardsmen. There were 12 by 1900. Several boroughs signed intercommunal agreements in 1930 to provide mutual help, and, at the outbreak of World War II, the departments amalgamated to form one regional civil defense group. The communes reverted to separate departments after 1945 and not until the devastating fire at l'Innovation department store in 1967 did efforts resume to create a regional service. A wide variety of procedures and nonstandard equipment precluded swift unification. In 1973, area fire fighting and medical emergency services were transferred to the authority of the Brussels agglomeration government. All municipal departments were merged, six new stations were built, the fleet was upgraded, and new services instituted, including a disaster-planning unit.
   The Brussels Fire and Medical Emergency Service (Service d'Incendie et d'Aide médicale urgent de la Région de Bruxelles-Capi-tale/Brusselse Hoofdstedelijke Dienst voor Brandweer en Dringende Medische Hulp), created by an ordinance of 19 July 1990, is a pararegional organization presided over by the Brussels Capital Region government. An operational command is divided between the central fire station on avenue de l'Héliport and four divisions. There are nine fire stations employing 925 professional firefighters with a fleet of 150 vehicles.

Historical Dictionary of Brussels. .

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Firemen — Fireman Fire man, n.; pl. {Firemen} ( men). 1. A man whose business is to extinguish fires in towns; a member of a fire company. [1913 Webster] 2. A man who tends the fires, as of a steam engine; a stocker. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Firemen and Deckhands' Union of New South Wales — Firemen and Deckhands Union Full name Firemen and Deckhands Union of New South Wales Founded 1901 Date dissolved 1993 Merged into Seamen s Union of Australia Members 718 (in 1973) …   Wikipedia

  • Firemen's pole — A firemen s pole or sliding pole or firepole is a wooden pole or a metal tube or pipe installed between floors in fire stations, allowing personnel to quickly descend to the ground floor in the event of a dispatch. The device was invented in the… …   Wikipedia

  • firemen relay race — ugniagesių estafetė statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Komandinė ugniagesybos sporto varžybų rungtis – 4×100 m bėgimas vykdant specialias užduotis (nutiesti žarną, užgesinti gaisro židinį ir kt.). atitikmenys: angl. firemen… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • firemen's pensions — Pensions paid to superannuated or disabled firemen. 40 Am J1st Pens § 18 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • firemen — fire·man || faɪə(r)mÉ™n n. firefighter, one employed to extinguish fires …   English contemporary dictionary

  • firemen —   Kinai ahi …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • FIREMEN — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marine Firemen's Union — Full name Pacific Coast Marine Firemen, Oilers, Watertenders and Wipers Association Founded October 1883 Members 802 (2005) Country United States Head union Seafarers International Union …   Wikipedia

  • Delaware Volunteer Firemen's Association — The Delaware Volunteer Firemen s Association is an organization established to assist the volunteer fire companies of the state of Delaware. Contents 1 History 2 Presidents 3 Fireman of the Year Award[3] …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”