Farnese, Alessandro

Farnese, Alessandro
   Born in Rome on 27 August 1545, Alessandro Farnese, duke of Parma and Piacenza (1586-92), was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Parma and thus a nephew of King Philip II and Don John of Austria, under whom he distinguished himself at the battle of Lepanto (7 October 1571). He was brought up in Spain and married Princess Marie of Portugal in the Chapel of the Coudenberg Palace on 18 November 1565. In 1577, Farnese joined Don John in the Netherlands to fight the rebels in the wars of religion. Appointed governor of the Netherlands (1578), he led the armies that restored Tournai, Maastricht, Breda, Bruges, Ghent, and Antwerp to Spanish rule, laid siege to Brussels in 1584, and took the surrender of the city on 10 March 1585. Farnese's military exploits secured possession of the southern provinces of the Netherlands for Spain and the ending battle lines that marked the struggle broadly follow the modern boundary between Belgium and the Netherlands. In 1590, he was sent to France to lead a Spanish army in assisting the Catholic League against Henry IVof France. Wounded in the fighting, he retired to Arras, where he died on 3 December 1592. He was buried in Parma.

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  • FARNESE, ALESSANDRO —    1) attained the papal chair as Paul III. in 1534; the excommunication of Henry VIII. of England, the founding of the Order of the Jesuits (1540), the convocation of the Council of Trent (1542), mark his term of office (1468 1549).    2)… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Farnese, Alessandro — papa Paolo III …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Farnese, Alessandro, duke di Parma and Piacenza — born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France Regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II of Spain. He was educated at the court of Madrid, where he had been sent to prove his father s loyalty to the Habsburgs. In 1578 Philip II …   Universalium

  • Alessandro Farnese der Jüngere — Alessandro Farnese, Ausschnitt aus dem Gemälde Papst Paul III. und seine Nepoten von Tizian, 1568 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alessandro Farnese — ist der Name folgender Mitglieder der Adelsfamilie Farnese: Alessandro Farnese (1468–1549), wurde als Paul III. 1534 Papst Alessandro Farnese (1520–1589), dessen Enkel, wurde 1534 Kardinal und 1580 Kardinaldekan Alessandro Farnese (1545–1592),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Farnese family — Italian family that ruled the duchy of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1731. The family became noted for its statesmen and soldiers, especially in the 14th–15th century, as well as by contracting politically useful marriages. In 1545 Pope Paul… …   Universalium

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